General Studies-I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

Indian Heritage and Culture

  • Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian History from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present.
  • Significant events, Personalities and issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle-its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

History of World and Society

  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution
  • World wars, Re-drawal of national boundaries, Colonization, Decolonization
  • Political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization
  • Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues
  • Urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism and secularism

Geography of World and Society

  • Salient features of the world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent)
  • Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic Activity, Cyclone etc.,
  • Geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes